Resource Guide to an Anti-Oppressive Framework


Resource Guide to an Anti-Oppressive Framework

Developed by the 2019 PYTA Conference Youth Advisory Committee

  • Intersectionality

  • The interconnected nature of social categorizations such as race, class, and gender as they apply to a given individual or group, regarded as creating overlapping and interdependent systems of discrimination or disadvantage.

  • Microaggression

  • a statement, action, or incident regarded as an instance of indirect, subtle, or unintentional discrimination against members of a marginalized group.

  • Many of the examples in this document are microaggressions.

 

  • Ableism (physical, neurodivergent or struggle with mental health)

  • Ableism is discrimination and social prejudice against people with disabilities. Ableism characterizes persons as defined by their disabilities and as inferior to the non-disabled.

  • Ex: Not considering access or accommodations needs when planning events.

  • Acephobia (Ace Erasure/Ace Exclusionism)

  • Fear, dislike, or hatred of asexual people and/or asexuality.

  • Ex: Assuming that ace folks are just “straight”, thus not part of the LGBTQIA community.

  • Ex: Telling someone they just haven’t found the right person, assuming that everyone will be sexually attracted to someone someday.

  • Ex. Suggesting an asexual person get therapy or take medication for their lack of sexual attraction.

  • Adultism

  • adultism is defined as prejudice and accompanying systematic discrimination against young people.

  • Ex: Making comments like “you’re only insert age, what do you know about x topic?”

  • Ageism

  • prejudicial attitudes towards older people, old age, and the aging process; discriminatory practices against older people; and institutional practices and policies that perpetuate stereotypes about elderly people. Also linked to Adultism.

  • Ex: Assuming that because someone is elderly they shouldn’t drive without any knowledge of their health status.

  • Amatonormativity

  • The assumption that a central, exclusive, amorous relationship is normal for humans, in that it is a universally shared goal, and that such a relationship is normative, in the sense that it should be aimed at in preference to other relationship types.

  • Read more: https://everydayfeminism.com/2016/04/amatonormativity-expectations/

  • Ex. Referring to someone as “just” a friend, devaluing friendship

  • Ex: Assuming that someone has a single partner, and that their relationship is sexual, romantic, and monogamous.

  • Anti Semitism

  • Anti Semitism is hostility to, prejudice, or discrimination against Jewish people.

  • Ex: Assuming Jewish people are cheap or greedy.

  • Arophobia

  • Arophobia is the fear and hatred of all people who are on the aromantic spectrum and/or express their aromanticism.

  • Ex. Pressuring someone to go on dates and/or enter into a romantic relationship

  • Ex. Believing that an aromantic person who enjoys sex is heartless or manipulative.

  • Biphobia (Bi Erasure)

  • Biphobia is the hostility to, prejudice, or discrimination against bisexuality and toward bisexual people as a social group or as individuals.

  • Ex: Assuming bi folks are promiscuous and aren’t capable of commitment.

  • Ex: Assuming that bi folks are just going through a phase.

  • Ex. Assuming people in same-gender relationships are gay and people in different-gender relationships are straight

  • Christian Hegemony

  • Christian hegemony is the everyday, pervasive, and systematic set of Christian values and beliefs, individuals and institutions that dominate all aspects of our society through the social, political, economic, and cultural power they wield.

  • Ex: National observation (usually resulting in day(s) off from work) of Christian based holidays such as Good Friday, Easter & Christmas

  • Ex: Wishing someone a “Merry Christmas” despite not knowing their religious beliefs, thus assuming they are Christian.

  • Cissexism

  • Cissexism is the belief that transgender / non-binary people are inherently inferior to cisgender (denoting or relating to a person whose sense of personal identity and gender corresponds with their gender assigned at birth) people, resulting in the oppression of gender variant, non-binary and trans identities.

  • Ex: Using phrases like “ladies and gentlemen” which assumes that all of the folks you are talking to have a binary gender (are men and women)

  • Ex: Asking someone what their “real” (ie. biological) gender is.